The Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Michigan and Big Brothers Big Sisters of Metro Detroit announced a significant partnership today that will lead to increased collaboration between the two organizations. The combined efforts of these two historical and effective organizations to support at-risk youth through mentoring will be impacting and life transforming. The partnership will enable volunteers to officially join forces on a wide variety of projects, working with local communities to achieve sustainable development of mentor ship. Click here to download the official Press Release.
Know all men by these presents:
Thus were we greeted by the Grand Lodge of England, on the 20th day of September A. L. 5784, A. D. 1784; the following said Greeting and warranted 459, granted by the Grand Lodge of England on petition of Prince Hall, Boston Smith, Thomas Sanderson, and several other Masons, of Boston, constituting them into a regular Lodge for Free and Accepted Masons.
To all and ever our Right Worshipful and loving Brethren, we, Thomas Hall, Earl of Effingham, Lord Howard, etc., etc., etc.; acting Grand Master under the authority of His Royal Highness, Henry Frederice. Duke of Cumberland, etc., etc., etc., Grand Master of the Most Ancient and Honorable Society of Free and Accepted Masons, send Greetings:
Know ye, that we, at the humble petition of our right trust and well beloved Brethren Prince Hall, Boston Smith, Thomas Sanderson, and several other Brethren residing in Boston, New England, in North America, do hereby constitute the said Brethren into regular Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, under the title or denomination of the African Lodge, to be opened in Boston aforesaid, and do further at their petition hereby appoint the said Prince Hall to be Master, Boston Smith, Senior Warden, and Thomas Sanderson, Junior Warden, for the opening of the said Lodge, and for such further time only as shall be thought proper by the Brethren thereof, it being our will that this our appointment of the above officers shall in no wise affect any future election of officers of the Lodge, but that such election shall be regulated agreeably by such by-laws of said Lodge as shall be consistent with the general laws of the Society, contained in the Book of Constitution and we hereby will require you, the said Prince Hall, to take especial care that all and everyone of said Brethren are, or have been regularly made Masons, and that they do observe, perform and keep all the rules and orders contained in the Book of Constitutions; and further, that you do, from time to time, cause to be entered in a book kept for the purpose, an account of your proceedings in the Lodge, together with such rules, orders and regulations as shall be made for the good government of the same; that in no wise you will omit once in every year to send to us, or our successors, Grand Master, or to Roland Holt, Esq., our Deputy Grand Master, for the time being, an account in writing of your said proceedings and copies of all such rules, orders and regulations as shall be made as aforesaid, together with a list of the members of the Lodge, and such sum of money as may suit the circumstances of the Lodge, and reasonably be expected toward the Grand Charity. Moreover, we hereby will and require you the said Prince Hall, as soon as conveniently may be, to send an account in writing of what may be done by virtue of these presents.
Given at London under the hand and seal of Masonry, this 20th day of September, A. L. 5784, A. D.1784. By the Grand Master's Command
Witness: Wm. White, G.S. R. Holt, D. G. M.
Brother Prince Hall, Master of African Lodge, working under dispensation by authority of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge Free and Accepted Masons of England, wrote the following letter, June 30th, 1784:
William M. Moody, Most W. Master, Permit me to return you my hearty thanks for your brotherly courtesy to my Brothers Reed and Mene, when in a strange land and in a time of need, you were so good to receive them as brothers, and to treat them so cordially as they informed me you did. What you have done to them I look upon as done to me and the whole of us, for which I give you many thanks and likewise to all the lodges. I hope they behave themselves as men and as Masons with you; if not I would be glad if you would be so good as; to let me know of it and they shall be dealt with accordingly. Dear Brother, I would inform you that this Lodge hath been founded almost this Eight years and had no Warrant yet, but only a permit from Grand Master Row to work on St. John's Day and bury our dead in form, which we would enjoy. We have had no opportunity until now of applying for a warrant though we were pressed upon to send to France for one, but we refused for reasons best known to ourselves. We now apply to the Fountain from whom we received light for this favor, and, Dear Sir, I must beg you to be our advocate for us by sending this our request to his Royal Highness, the Duke of Cumberland, Grand Master, and to the Right Honorable Earl of Effingham, acting Grand Master, the Deputy Grand Master and Grand Wardens, and the rest of the Brethren of the Grand Lodge that they would graciously be pleased to grant us a Charter to hold this Lodge as long as we behave up to the spirit of the Constitution. This, our humble petition we hope His Highness and the rest of the Grand Lodge will graciously be pleased to grant us there. Though poor, yet sincere brethren of the craft, and therefore in duty bound, ever to pray, I beg leave to subscribe myself, Your loving Friend and Brother, Prince Hall, June 30th, 1784; in the year of Masonry, 5784. In the name of the Holy Lodge. C. Underwood, Secretary
The Man, the Mason, the First Grand Master
A robust man, of strong sinew and muscle. A man with rugged, handsome features, unspoiled by the debilitating ravishes of fast living, that earmarks today's life. This is a physical description of the first leader of Prince Hall Masonry in Michigan. This was Brother John W. Harrison. John Harrison's vocational pursuit is recorded as one of the most important vocations in the time and place of his living. He was a harness maker. Horses, the energy suppliers of the early day transportation system, were controlled in their goings and comings, in their speed of pace, in the direction they were desired to go. These controls were made of heavy, strong home-tanned leather. Fashioned into reins, halters, belly and breast bands, crafted by our first Mason's handiwork. Big John Harrison, the Cass County harness marker. Thus, it makes no drain on one's imagination, to realize that the lessons gained in harness making, added much to the Deeded experience for guidance and direction used by Mason Harrison, in his leading of the team, that made up the first lodge in our history. John Harrison, without a doubt, was also a man with great spiritual and humanitarian capacities. He, like many other black men in his community, was an immediate descendant of slaves, or had been in the recent past, a slave himself. And while most commonly published histories are mute, silent, there needs to be no questionable speculation, that Harrison and others of his craft, were deeply involved in the Underground Railway System, the escape method that freed black men and women from the shackles of slavery.
Do you have a business, product or service and would like another avenue in promoting your business to the general membership of Michigan Prince Hall entitiy and abroad? Well, look no further! The Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Michigan now offers our P.H.A. Business Directory to all members under the Michigan Jurisdiction for FREE! Simply, click on the following link below which will direct you to the section where you can enter your business details and, once approved, by our Webmaster, your business will be featured under our directory for all to take advantage of.
A Condensed History of the Prince Hall Grand Lodge of
Free and Accepted Masons of the State of Michigan By: Elmer L. Wallace, Past Grand Master
In the year of 1857, M.W. John G. Britton, Grand Master of the State of Indiana granted a dispensation to his Deputy Grand Master, John W. Harrison and a group of masons residing in the City of Niles, Michigan to open the first lodge of colored masons in this State. To be known as Harrison Lodge, U.D., which was granted a charter-January 13, 1859; and became Harrison Lodge No. 6 on the list of Indiana Lodges. Hart Lodge No. 10, of the City of Ypsilanti, Michigan was granted a Charter by the same authority and was Dedicated and Constituted by James S. Hinton, Grand Master of Indiana, with J. W. Harrison, D.G.M.
In the year of 1864, M.W. John W. Harrison, who was now Grand Master of Indiana, granted dispensations to open U.D. Lodges in the Cities of Battle Creek and Williamsville. These Lodges later became Strothers Lodge No. 12-Battle Creek, Michigan, and Saint James Lodge No. 14 of Williamsville, Michigan.
The representative of these four lodges (Harrison Lodge No. 6, Hart Lodge No. 10, Strothers Lodge No. 12 and Saint James Lodge No. 14) met in convention, in the City of Niles, Michigan and after adopting a Constitution, organized this Grand Lodge for the State of Michigan, on April 25, 1865. The following Grand Officers were elected: John W. Harrison, M.W. Grand Master; Daniel Mills, D.G.M., Thomas Jones, S.G.W.; James Hays, J.G.W.; John J. Evans, G. Treasurer; Isaac Burdine, G. Secy.; T. J. Martin, G. Lecturer; J. E. Williams, G. Tyler. The M.W. National Grand Lodge, of the United States of North America granted a Grand Lodge Warrant to this body, October 18, 1865; bearing the signatures of Paul Drayton, M.W.N.G.G.M.; R. H. Gleaves, M.W.N.D.G.M.; Lewis Hayden, M.W.N.S.G.W.; William Edwin Gipson, M.W.N.J.G.W.; James Needham, M.W.N.G. Treas.; Ezra J. Morris, M.W.N.G. Secy. of Free and Accepted Ancient York Masons. This document is still among the archives of our Grand Lodge.
At the sixth Annual Grand Communication of this Grand Lodge held in the City of Detroit, Michigan June 17, 1872 the following lodges were enrolled and represented, with dates of institution: Harrison Lodge No. 1 (1857), Niles; Hart Lodge No. 2 (1863), Ypsilanti; Strothers Lodge No. 3 (1864), Battle Creek; St. Paul Lodge No. 4 (), Detroit; St. James Lodge No. 5 (1864), Williamsville; St. Peters Lodge No. 6 (1865), Kalamazoo; St. John's Lodge No. 7 (1866), Adrian; St. Nicholas Lodge No. 8 (1866), Jackson; St. Mary's Lodge No. 9 (1867) Ann Arbor; Hiram Lodge No. 10 (1869), Detroit; Zion Lodge No. 11 (1870), Pontiac; Salem Lodge No. 12 (1872), Windsor, Ontario; Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 13, (1872), Detroit; Cyrus Lodge No. 14 (1872), Battle Creek; North Star Lodge No. 15 (1872), Grand Rapids. (The last four Lodges were granted Charters, June 20, 1872.)
Following the lead of the Grand Jurisdictions of Pennsylvania and Ohio, our Michigan brethren took the necessary steps to throw off the yoke of tyranny for which they had been burdened for so many years and at a meeting in the City of Detroit, the craft by a vote of 69 to 4 adopted resolutions expressing their views of the illegality and irregularity of the National Compact and declared that hence-forth they would consider themselves independent of its authority. Consequently, Hiram and Mt. Pavan Lodges of Detroit, and North Star Lodge of Grand Rapids secured dispensations from the Sovereign Grand Lodge of Ohio, to form these three lodges, looking forward to the organization of an independent Sovereign Grand Lodge. After due time had expired they received their Charters and opened communication with the Craft throughout the State.
A mass convention of masons was called to meet in the City of Detroit, Michigan, September 23, 1872. Pursuant to the call, representatives of from Strothers Lodge No. 3, Battle Creek; Hiram Lodge No. 10, Detroit; and North Star Lodge No. 15, Grand Rapids; Zion Lodge No. 11, Pontiac, and many other brethren throughout the State, met and organized. These lodges by the virtue of their warrants, formed themselves info an Independent Sovereign Grand Lodge under the style and title of Unity Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons for the State of Michigan, with M.W. Brother Harrison J. Lewis, of Hudson as Grand Master and Brother Wilmot A. Johnson, of Detroit, as Grand Secretary. The first Annual Communication of Unity Grand Lodge convened in the City of Detroit, Michigan, January 13, 1873, the Constitution was adopted and also the Resolutions to form a committee of three to petition the State Legislature to incorporate this Grand Lodge. A committee of five was appointed to draft a petition to the Grand Lodge of Michigan, F. & A.M. (white) for recognition.
Meanwhile the (Compact) National Grand Lodge, expelled all who had withdrawn their allegiance from its authority. This adverse condition prevailed until at their annual communication in the City of Jackson, Michigan, December 7-10th, 1875; they, the Compact Grand Lodge, unanimously voted to rescind all masonic disabilities imposed upon the members of Unity Grand Lodge and passed a Resolution that a committee be appointed with the purpose of uniting these two Grand Lodges and their members. This union was not consummated until eight years later. At one of the Conferences held in the City of Kalamazoo, Michigan, November 23 1886, by the representatives of the two Grand Lodqes after mature deliberation the following Preamble and Resolution was adopted:
"Whereas: We the representatives of the two Bodies existing in the State of Michigan believing that the existence of two masonic Grand Lodges is detrimental interests of all concerned, therefore, be it
Resolved: That the two Grand Lodges unite as one under the name and title of Union Grand Lodge, F. & A.M. for the State of Michigan.
This action was confirmed by both Grand Bodies at their next Annual Communication, and on January 26, 1887 Unity Grand Lodge adjourned sine die, and Union Grand Lodge was organized.
After the adoption of the Constitution of Unity Grand Lodge, the Grand Officers were then elected, and Union Grand Lodge was opened on the third degree of masonry with M.W. Grand Master elect, John J. Evans, presiding The Grand Officers were duly installed by P.G.M. John Harrison.
For a period of thirty seven (37) years Union Grand Lodge prospered guided by those dynamic and intrepid Grand Masters who had given stability and fame to this Masonic Grand Jurisdiction. In the year 1940, M.W. Elmer L. Wallace, Grand Master, anxious to preserve this organization against the inroads of non Prince Hall Masons' made the following recommendation, which was approved by the Committee on Jurisprudence at the Seventy-Sixth Annual Grand Communication, held in the city of Grand Rapids, Michigan and adopted at the 77th Annual Grand Communication held in the City of Lansing, Michigan, April 25, 1942. This initial step taken by our Grand Lodge was followed 2 years later by all but two jurisdictions; thus the Grand Lodge was foremost in designating to all our legiti-macy as Prince Hall Masons.
This Grand Lodge has grown from four Constituent Lodges to forty-seven and has a membership of over five thousand master masons. Forty-five Grand Masters have graced our Grand East, and we look forward to a most brilliant future of service to T.A.A.O.T.U. and to humanity.
The Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Free & Accepted Masons of Michigan has reenergized its efforts to bring additional light to all of our brothers and sisters. Among our efforts is the reconstitution of the Grand Lodge's Lawyers Committee, which will be lead by the Grand Attorney, Brother Allen W. Veanble, Esq. of St. John's Lodge #44 in Romulus, Michigan.
Please download official communication here.
Welcome to the official web presence of the Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Michigan - Free & Accepted Masons , Prince Hall Affiliation. it is my hope that you take some time and view our web site. We have a great deal of information for your edification where you can learn about all relevant events, programs, and other pertinent information from the Grand East.
I'd like to extend a hearty thanks and appreciation for all responsible for electing me as Most Worshipful Grand Master. This honor is the utmost honorable and it is with my best intent to lead , serve and present this great jurisdiction that is Michigan.
I pledge to you that myself, the Grand Lodge Officers, DDGM’s & DDGL's will be working hard to educate, encourage and inspire each of you and your Lodge this coming year. The vision of our forefathers has not been and will not be forgotten. We must always search for more light and show others that we are the greatest Fraternity in the world.
In closing I hope that each of you will help in making this a great Masonic year. May God Bless all in the quarry and know that in me , as Grand Master, you have a friend and brother. Honorable Tyrone Hampton
M.W. Grand Master
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Michigan
History excerpt from the Phylaxis Society web site: http://www.thephylaxis.org
The statement by Grimshaw, which has been repeated many times by other writers on the subject of freemasonry among the African-American people in the United States of America, that Prince Hall was born 'about September 12, 1748' does not stand up to any examination. Even Davis admits in his book that Grimshaw was inaccurate in respect of Prince Hall's birth. Prince Hall's death was reported in the Boston Gazette for Monday, 7 December 1807:
DEATHS. On Friday morning, Mr. Prince Hall, aged 72, Master of African Lodge. Funeral this afternoon at 3 o'clock from his late dwelling in Lendell's Lane; which his friends and relations are requested to attend without a more formal invitation.
Dying at the age of seventy-two would infer a birth date of about the year 1735. We have some confirmation of this possible date in a letter written by Dr Jeremy Belknap, a founder of the Massachusetts Historical Society, with regard to a survey he had undertaken on the history of slavery in Massachusetts. Dr Belknap interviewed Prince Hall to whom he refers as 'one of my informants . . . a very intelligent black man, aged 57. He is the Grand Master of a LODGE of free masons, composed wholly of blacks, and distinguished by the name of African Lodge. It was begun in 1775, while this town was garrisoned by British troops; some of whom held a lodge and initiated a number of Negroes.' If this statement by Dr Belknap is accurate then Prince Hall would have been born about the year 1738. Apart from these two points, no evidence of any kind has ever been produced to support Grimshaw's statement that Prince Hall was born in Barbados in 1748.
Grimshaw states, again a statement repeated ad nauseam by subsequent writers, that Prince Hall was freeborn. The fact is that he was not. There exists in the Boston Athenaeum Library, among the notarial papers of one Ezekiel Price, a Certificate of Manumission, dated 9 April I770, and signed by William Hall, together with three other members of the Hall family, giving Prince Hall his freedom. This document states that he (Prince Hall) had worked with the Hall family for twenty-one years, i.e. since 1749. The fact that Prince Hall was a slave rules out the extraordinary statement by Grimshaw that he was the offspring of a union between a free African-American woman of French extraction and an Englishman. That statement by Grimshaw shows him at his most inventive. Prince Hall seems to have always referred to himself as an ‘African'. And probably with some pride for, in my view, he was an African, having been seized in some part of West Africa as a lad of between eleven and fourteen and brought to New England by a slave-trader and sold as a slave. It is not impossible that he was actually sold to William Hall and it is also likely that he took the ‘Hall' from the family which he served so faithfully for twenty-one years. This is impossible to prove but is, I submit, a likely inference. There is no doubt that Prince Hall was, as the official story says, ‘religiously inclined' - but the facts are not as recorded in the Prince Hall Masonic Year Book. In a Deposition, which is recorded in the Suffolk County, Massachusetts, Register of Deeds, made by Prince Hall in August 1807, just a few months before he died, he stated that he was a leather-dresser by trade; that he was 'about seventy'; that in November 1762 he had been received into the full communion of the Congregational Church which had its meeting place in School Street, Boston. There is no record of Grimshaw's flight of fancy that Prince Hall ever held a Charge at Cambridge. Prince Hall married five times - according to the official records of the City of Boston. The details are: (1) 2 November 1763, Sarah Ritchie (or Ritchery).
(2) 22 August 1770, Florah Gibbs.
(3) 14 August 1783, Affee Moody.
(4) 28 June 1798, Nabby Ayrauly.
(5) 28 June 1804, Zilpha (?Sylvia) Johnson. Zilpha, or Sylvia, Johnson was Prince Hall's executrix in an estate amounting to $47.22. She herself died in Boston in 1836. So far as is known there were no children from any of the marriages.
Prince Hall is buried in Copp's Hill Burying Ground in Boston in the same grave as his first wife. The monumental stone carries the inscription: Here lies ye body of Sarah Ritchery, wife of Prince Hall, died Feby the 26th, 1769, aged 24 years. On the back of the stone, added some time later, is the inscription: Here lies the body of Prince Hall, First Grand Master of the Colored Grand Lodge of Masons in Mass., died Dec 7, 1807. Whoever cut this last inscription took as the date of death the date of the announcement in the newspaper (7 December) and not the actual date of death (4 December). It is a little curious that Prince Hall should be buried in the grave of his first wife; one would have thought that his last wife might have had other ideas, but perhaps Prince Hall owned the plot in the cemetery. This cannot be checked for the interment records are missing. As an individual, Prince Hall took a great interest in the welfare of the African-American people in Boston and in Massachusetts. He continually badgered the city fathers of Boston and also the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in respect of the proper provision of schools for the education of the children of the African-American population. He was well read himself and his Letter Book shows that he was familiar with the works of Tertullian, Cyprian, Origen and other Fathers of the early Church. He had, too, correspondence with Lady Huntingdon (1707-91), the head of the sect of Calvinistic Methodists known as the 'Countess of Huntingdon's Connection'. PRINCE HALL'S MASONIC CAREER The exact circumstances surrounding Prince Hall's admission into freemasonry are obscure. According to the traditional story he and fourteen others were made Master Masons on 6 March 1775. This is one statement by Grimshaw that is very probably accurate. The earliest record of freemasonry among African-American people in the United States is to be found on a sheet of paper in the archives of African Lodge in Boston. The document is dated 6 March 1775 - the final digit is only just legible - and has the heading: By Marster Batt wose made these brothers
Prince Rees Thomas Sanderson
Richard Tilley At the foot of the sheet are certain figures which would seem to show that on the same date, or previously, some fourteen men were made 'Marsters', three ‘Crafts' and thirteen 'Prentices'. A second sheet shows payments Of 45-1/2 guineas which would indicate an initiation fee of approximately three guineas. There is nothing to indicate whether or not all three degrees were conferred on 6 March 1775 but even if this were so it would be nothing to cavil at. It was quite customary for a lodge to confer all three degrees at one meeting in those days, and if the lodge was a military lodge then it might be almost essential for the lodge to confer all three degrees at one meeting-who could tell when the lodge would next be able to meet? The date, 6 March 1775, is important for it was but a few weeks before the first shot of the War of Independence was fired at Lexington, itself but a few miles from Boston.
There is no record in the archives of African Lodge as to the actual lodge in which Prince Hall was initiated. From outside evidence, however, it would appear that Prince Hall and his fourteen companions were admitted to freemasonry in an Irish lodge, No. 441. In support of this one must examine the details of the regiments under General Gage's command in and around Boston in 1775. The Ministry of Defence tell me that they have no official list of these regiments. However, in the first volume of Henry Belcher's The First American Civil War there is an appendix, which he compiled from regimental histories, giving, as far as is known, the names of the regiments engaged in the various actions in the War of Independence. From that appendix I have compiled a smaller list (see the appendix to this paper) of those British Army units which were stationed in or near Boston in 1775 and which had in them lodges under any of the British Grand Lodges.
There were fourteen military lodges in and around Boston in 1775. Of these one was English, four were Scottish and the remainder were Irish. There seems to be very little doubt, having consulted the Grand Lodge Registers that Irish Lodge No. 441, in which John Batt was a member, was the lodge in which Prince Hall was initiated. John Batt is registered as a member of Lodge 441 in the register in Dublin under the date of 2 May 1771.
Lodge 441 was warranted on 4 July 1765 to meet in the 38th Regiment of Foot (1st Battalion South Staffordshires). The lodge warrant was subsequently, in 1840, returned to the Grand Lodge of Ireland. The number 441 was later, in 1918, reissued to the T.W. Braithwaite Lodge, meeting in Belfast. Any minutes of the lodge while working as a military lodge are lost and it is impossible to say if John Batt was the Master in 1775. It is equally impossible to say whether or not the meeting at which Prince Hall was initiated was held regularly under the lodge warrant or was a clandestine affair with John Batt 'initiating' some gullible Negroes and pocketing the money they paid him. None of those made masons by John Batt on 6 March 1775 are recorded as being members of the lodge in the registers of the Grand Lodge of Ireland. I do not say that this is what happened, merely that it is possible. On the other hand the difficulties of communication with Dublin in the middle of a civil war were enormous and the fact the Prince Hall and his friends were not registered in Dublin is, in itself, no proof that their admission was not perfectly regular.
John Batt is recorded in the Muster Rolls of the regiment from 1759 until his discharge from the British Army when stationed in Staten Island in 1777. There is some faint evidence that after his discharge he may have enlisted in the rebel forces.
The detractors of Prince Hall Freemasonry have frequently stated that his initiation by a military lodge was in direct conflict with Regulation XXVII of the Constitution & Laws of the Grand Lodge of Ireland, which regulation forbade the initiation in a military lodge of any person living in a town where there was a town lodge. The regulation is in the following terms Regulation XXVII of 1760 No Army lodge shall for the future make any Townsman a mason where there is a lodge held in any Town where such lodge do meet; and no Town's lodge shall make any man in the Army a mason, where there is a warranted lodge held in the Regiment, Troop or Company, or in the Quarters to which such man belongs. Any Army or other lodge making a mason contrary to the rule to be fined One Guinea. This regulation could, of course, only apply to lodges under the Grand Lodge of Ireland - and there never was a 'Town lodge' in Boston nor, indeed, anywhere else in Massachusetts, under the Grand Lodge of Ireland.
The regulation is specific in its penalty for breach - a one guinea fine on the lodge. There is no statement whatever that any mason so made is clandestine or irregular. That would be excluded under the legal maxim expressio unius exclusio alterius, a maxim which English judges have applied to enactments as far back in history as 1601 (e.g. The Poor Relief Act, 1601). The maxim means that anything expressly stated excludes anything not expressly stated and that applies particularly to anything penal.
Apart from the legal maxim, however, the minutes of the Grand Lodge of Ireland record breaches of the regulation. Lodge No. 10, held in the Louth Militia, complained that lodges 240, 382, 703 and 971 had all initiated members of the regiment. Grand Lodge ordered that a 'fine be inflicted for this offence unless the lodges can account for their conduct against the next Grand Lodge meeting'. There is no ruling the Grand Lodge minute that the masons so made were either clandestine or irregular.
No other evidence has been produced to show that Prince Hall's initiation was in any way irregular and it must be presumed that he became a mason in the normal and regular way according to the customary manner of the times.
Back in Boston, Prince Hall and his fellow masons continued to meet as a 'lodge' for some years. They had a 'Permet' to walk in Procession on St John's Day and to bury their dead, although there seems to be some doubt as to who gave them this `'Permet'. The traditional story says, as does Grimshaw, that the 'Permet' was issued by the lodge which had initiated them, and that would not be at all unusual. On the other hand when Prince Hall sent in his petition for a warrant in June 1784 he stated that the 'Permet' had been issued by 'Grand Master Row' (sic). John Rowe was appointed Provincial Grand Master for North America is March 1768 and he died in 1787. His appointment was made by the `Modern' Grand Lodge - that to which Prince Hall sent his petition.
Grimshaw states that Prince Hall was appointed Provincial Grand Master for North America on 27 January 1791, presumably in place of John Rowe. Grimshaw goes so far as to print the text of the alleged Patent. The Patent is said to have been signed 'Rawdon, Acting Grand Master'. The Masonic Year Book Historical Supplement shows Francis, 1st Marquess of Hastings, as Acting Grand Master from 1790 to 1813. According to Burke's Dormant and Extinct Peerages the Barony of Rawdon was conferred upon Francis, eldest son of John, 1st Earl of Moira, on 5 March. He did not succeed to the title of Earl of Moira until 1793 and was created Marquess of Hastings on 7 December 1816. It follows that the alleged Patent of Appointment of Prince Hall as Provincial Grand Master for North America was correctly signed, for 'Rawdon'. would have been the proper signature of the Acting Grand Master at that time. Davis expressed grave doubts as to the existence of this Patent and there is, of course, no record whatever in the archives of the United Grand Lodge of England of the issue of such a Patent. Davis goes on to say: `Furthermore, there is no evidence that anyone ever saw the original deputation. It is strange indeed that such an important document was not exhibited to the masons of that day in Boston. Prince Hall was on friendly terms with a number of Boston's leading masons. He freely exhibited the Charter and Book of Constitutions to white brethren in that city, and mentioned their receipt in the daily press. It is hard to believe that Hall would withhold such an important document from his friends - a document which would be of supreme importance to the little band of colored masons then in Boston, and of equal importance to Prince Hall himself, conferring, as it did, great honor and dignity upon him, and elevating him to a rank equal to that of any American mason of his day.'
Equally difficult to understand is the complete absence of any mention of such a Patent, or 'Deputation' as it was called in those days, in Prince Hall's Letter Book. Prince Hall's methodical methods are well illustrated in his Letter Book and the very issue of such a Patent would require some correspondence. The alleged Patent cites an application - and this could hardly escape some reference in his Letter Book.
Davis is not the only African-American mason to express doubts as to the authenticity of the Provincial Grand Master's Patent. Davis states: `The late W. T. Boyd, Past Grand Master of Ohio (Prince Hall) and Frederic S. Monroe of Massachusetts (PH), both careful investigators in the historical field of Negro masonry, expressed strong dissent on the validity of the alleged Patent.'
I think we must take it that the alleged Patent appointing Prince Hall as Provincial Grand Master for North America is another of Grimshaw's inventions. It must be said, however, that the inventor was astute enough to have the correct signature appended to the text. It might here be noted that Grimshaw was appointed a library attendant in the Library of Congress on 1 October 1897 and as such would have had access to books dealing with the English peerage. Francis, 1st Marquess of Hastings would only have signed 'Rawdon' between 1783 and 1793. The titles became extinct on the death of Henry, 4th Marquess, on is November 1868.
To return to the 'Permet'. No matter by whom it was issued it was certainly used. In the issue of Monday, December 1782 of a Boston newspaper published by Draper & Polson, the following item appears On Friday, last, 27th, the Feast of St John the Evangelist, was celebrated by St Black's Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, who went in procession preceded by a band of music, dressed in their aprons and jewels from Brother G . . . pions up State Street and thro Cornhill to the House of the Right Worshipful Grand Master in Water Street, where an elegant and splendid entertainment was given upon the occasion.
This paragraph brought forth a riposte from Prince Hall in a letter which indicated that they had not had a 'splendid entertainment, we had an agreeable one in brotherly love'. He signed the letter, addressed to Mr Willis, presumably the editor of the paper, thus Prince Hall Master of African Lodge No. 1 Dedicated to St John. The signature is interesting as showing that the brethren considered themselves to be a lodge, albeit as yet without a warrant. I do not know what significance there is in 'No. 1'. Presumably it would indicate a position on some Register or Roll.
Prince Hall remained the Master of the lodge until his death when he was succeeded by Nero Prince. THE WARRANT TO AFRICAN LODGE NO. 459 In 1784 Prince Hall wrote two letters to a Brother Moody in London seeking his help in obtaining a warrant for his lodge. Brother Moody was a member of the Lodge of Brotherly Love, No. 55, meeting at King's Head Tavern, Holborn. He later became Master of the Perseverance Lodge, No. 398, meeting at The Fleece, Old Palace Yard, Westminster. Prince Hall's first letter was dated 2 March 1784 and his second 30 June 1784. The first letter is printed in A QC (vol. 73, p. 56) and the second is reprinted in Davis (pp. 33-4). I reproduce the second: Wm M. Moody, Most W. Master. [I omit the opening paragraph which is not relevant to the petition.] Dear Sir, I would inform you that this Lodge hath been founded almost this eight years and had no Warrant yet But only a Permet from Grand Master Row to walk on St John's Day and Bury our dead in form which we now enjoy. We have had no opportunity till now of aplieng [sic] for Warrant though we were prested upon to send to France for one but we refused for reasons best known to ourselves. We now apply to the Fountain from whom we received light for this favour, and Dear Sir, I must beg you to be our advocate for us by sending this our request to his Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland Grand Master, and to the Right Honourable Earl of Effingham acting Grand Master, the Deputy Grand Master and Grand Wardens and the rest of the Brethren of the Grand Lodge that they would be graciously pleased to grant us a Charter to hold this Lodge as long as we behave up to the Spirit of the Constitution. This our humble petition we hope His Highness and the rest of the Grand Lodge will graciously be pleased to grant us there. Though poor yet sincere brethren of the Craft, and therefore in duty bound ever to pray, I beg leave to subscribe myself. Your loving friend and Brother
Master of African Lodge No. 1 June 30, 1784 In the Year of Masonry 5784
In the name of the holl Lodge
C. Underwood, Secretary The petition was successful and the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) issued a warrant to African Lodge No. 459 on 20 September 1784. For a number of reasons the warrant did not arrive in Boston until April 1787. Its arrival was announced in the Columbian Centinal, a Boston newspaper dated 2 May 1787, in the following words: 'By Captain Scott, from London, came the charter, etc.' According to Grimshaw, the lodge was erected on 6 May1787, but we are left in the dark as to the manner of its erection and by whom it was carried out. Prince Hall also received a copy of the Constitutions of the Grand Lodge and they contained a requirement that each lodge must be properly constituted. To what extent that requirement was observed by lodges overseas is open to doubt; if there was another lodge in the area or near at hand there would be little difficulty in complying with the rules. If it was an isolated lodge, strict compliance may have been impossible.
The date of the petition, 30 June 1784, is important in that the War of Independence had finished and a Peace Treaty had been signed in 1783. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts was no longer a British Colony but a State in the United States of America. Was the issue of this warrant to African Lodge an infringement of jurisdiction? It has been held by many writers that the issue of this warrant was, in fact, an infringement of jurisdiction - but they fail to say whose jurisdiction for there were, at that time, two Grand Lodges in Massachusetts. And in any event the British Grand Lodges have never accepted the American doctrine of exclusive jurisdiction. On this latter point I would refer to my paper on this subject in A QC volume 88. The issue of this warrant was the last granted by the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) to a lodge in what is now the United States of America. The Grand Lodge of England (Antients) granted a warrant, No. 236, to a lodge at Charleston, South Carolina, on 26 May 1786, although a Grand Lodge had been formed in that State in 1777.
At the time of the issue of the warrant to African Lodge the American doctrine of exclusive jurisdiction had not been promulgated and does not seem to have been arrived at until the1800s. As I have already stated there were two Grand Lodges in Massachusetts when African Lodge received its warrant. There was the Massachusetts Grand Lodge, which had been the Scottish Provincial Grand Lodge over which Joseph Warren had presided. Joseph Warren was killed at the battle of Bunker Hill and this led to the Provincial Grand Lodge declaring itself an independent Grand Lodge on 8 March 1777. There was the St John's Grand Lodge which had been the English Provincial Grand Lodge (Moderns) with John Rowe as Provincial Grand Master. These two Grand Lodges continued to exist independently of each other until they were united on I9 March 1792 to form the present Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. If there was any invasion of jurisdiction it is a moot point as to whose jurisdiction was invaded. This may be the place to point out that St Andrew's Lodge at Boston, holding its charter from the Grand Lodge of Scotland, and a founding lodge of the Scottish Provincial Grand Lodge refused to join the new Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. At a meeting of St Andrew's Lodge held on 21 December 1782 the lodge voted 30 to I9 against giving up its allegiance to Scotland and against joining the new Grand Lodge. St Andrew's Lodge remained under the Grand Lodge of Scotland until 1809. It is clear that the doctrine of exclusive jurisdiction was not operating at the time African Lodge's warrant was issued. AFRICAN LODGE AS A GRAND LODGE The exact date at which African Lodge assumed the powers of a Grand Lodge is impossible to pinpoint. That it functioned as a normal lodge for some years and made returns to the Grand Lodge of England with fees to the Charity Fund is beyond dispute. It was finally struck off the Register of the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) at the Union in 1813 because no returns or fees had been made for many years. In that respect Prince Hall's Letter Book shows a certain laxity on the part of the secretariat of the Grand Lodge, for his letters to Grand Secretary contain numerous complaints that his correspondence is not being answered. Doubtless there were transmission difficulties but one cannot think that all his letters to Grand Secretary were never received.
If the criterion for being a Grand Lodge is the exercising of the right, de jure or de facto, of issuing warrants for the erection of a lodge, then African Lodge can be said to have acted as a Grand Lodge from the year 1797. If the criterion be that of a declaration of independence and surrender of allegiance then African Lodge did not assume the functions of a Grand Lodge until 1827 when the Boston Advertiser Of 26 June carried an official declaration of independence over the signature of John Hilton, then Master of the lodge. Between these two dates much had happened.
In 1797 Prince Hall received a letter from a Peter Mantone who lived in Philadelphia. This letter is reproduced at length in Davis and to save space I do not reprint it here. The letter recited that Peter Mantone and ten other brethren were desirous of having a warrant for a lodge. They had made application to the white masons and had been refused a warrant on the grounds, Mantone said, that the white masons were afraid that 'blackmen living in Virginia would get to be Masons too'. Mantone did not say to which Grand Lodge he had applied. The Grand Lodge of Virginia was formed in 1778 and the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania in 1786.
In his reply to Mantone Prince Hall agreed to issue a warrant to the brethren in Philadelphia. In doing so Prince Hall was doing no more and no less than what Lodge Fredericksburg, Virginia, had done in 1757 Lodge Fredericksburg was self-formed in 1752 and did not get a warrant of its own (from the Grand Lodge of Scotland) until 1758. In 1757 it issued a Dispensation to Lodge Botetourt to meet at Gloucester, Virginia, and that lodge subsequently obtained a warrant from the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) as No. 458 in 1773. We have here a lapse of sixteen years between the granting of a Dispensation, by an unwarranted lodge, before the obtaining of a warrant. Lodge Fredericksburg is now No. 4 under the Grand Lodge of Virginia and was George Washington's lodge. Lodge Fredericksburg was not content with the issue of one Dispensation but, in 1768 (by which time it had been warranted by the Grand Lodge of Scotland), it issued a further Dispensation to Falmouth Lodge in Stafford County, Virginia. Of these activities of Lodge Fredericksburg the late Hugo Tatsch states: "It chartered lodges at Falmouth, Virginia (no longer in existence), and Botetourt Lodge, Gloucester County, Virginia. The right of Fredericksburg Lodge to issue these charters was recognized by the Craft during that period.", If Fredericksburg Lodge possessed, and had exercised, the right to issue charters then that same right cannot be denied to African Lodge No. 459. In reply to Peter Mantone's request Prince Hall wrote Mr Peter Mantone, Sir, I received your letter of the a which informed me that there are a number of blacks in your city who have received the light of masonry, and I hope they got it in a just and lawful manner. If so, dear Brother, we are willing to set you at work under our charter and Lodge No. 459, from London: under that authority, and by the name of African Lodge, we hereby and herein give you licence to assemble and work as aforesaid, under that denomination as in the sight and fear of God. I would advise you not to take in any at present till your officers and Master be installed in the Grand Lodge, which we are willing to do, when he thinks convenient, and he may receive a full warrant instead of a permit. This letter clearly shows that African Lodge proposed to function as a Grand Lodge - or at least to exercise rights similar to those of which Lodge Fredericksburg believed itself to be possessed. It further agreed to install the Master and officers in the new lodge in Philadelphia. All this time African Lodge was still writing to London, in its capacity as a private lodge under the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) and sending in returns and fees. Lane records that the last payment of fees was made in 1797. On 15 June 1802 Prince Hall wrote yet again to Grand Secretary White and said, inter alia: I have sent a number of letters to the Grand Lodge and money for the Grand Charity, and by faithful brethren as I thought, but I have not received one letter from the Grand Lodge for this five years, which I thought somewhat strange at first; but when I heard so many were taken by the French, I thought otherwise, and prudent not to send. Prince Hall's Letter Book contains a copy of yet a further letter, of 16 August 1806, to William White complaining that he had not received any answers to his letters since 1792. From that it is clear that Prince Hall and African Lodge were still of the view that, as late as in í8o6, African Lodge was still a private lodge under the Grand Lodge of England. William White seems either to have neglected to answer Prince Hall's letters - or possibly never to have received them. In this latter respect one can hardly suppose that all Prince Hall's letters failed to reach their destination. It might be supposed that the silence from London over a period of some twenty years would have caused African Lodge to give up all hope of continuing as a private lodge under the Grand Lodge of England. But not a bit of it. On 5 January 1824, the then Master, Samson H. Moody wrote: To the Right Worshipful, the Grand Master, Wardens and Members of the Grand Lodge of England. Your Petitioners, Samson H. Moody, Peter Howard, Abraham C. Derendemed, John I. Hilton, James Jacson, Zadock Lew, Samuel G. Gardner, Richard Potter, Lewis Walker and other Companions who have been regularly exalted to the Sublime degree of Royal Arch Masons, send greeting: Our worthy and well beloved Brethren, Prince Hall, Boston Smith, Thomas Sanderson and several Brethren having obtained a Warrant from your Honourable Body, on September 29, 1784 AD, AL 5784, when, under the Government of Thomas Howard, Earl of Effingham, Lord Howard, etc., etc., acting Grand Master under the authority of His Royal Highness Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland, Grand Master of the Most Ancient and Honourable Society of Free and Accepted Masons. This Warrant allowing us to confer but the three Degrees, and finding it injurious for the benefit of our Body by having no legal authority to confer the other four degrees. And understanding that the seven degrees is given under the Warrant from the Grand Lodge, we, therefore, humbly solicit the renual of our Charter to ourtherise us Legally to confer the same, as we are now getting in a flourishing condition. It is with regret we communicate to you that, from the decease of our Well Beloved Brethren who obtain'd the Warrant we have not been able for several years to transmit Monies and hold a regular Communication; but, as we are now permanently Established to work comformable to our Warrant and Book of Constitutions. We will send the monies as far as circumstances will admit, together with the money, for a new Warrant, Should your Honourable Body think us worthy to receive the same. We remain, Right Worshipful and Most Worshipful Brethren,
With all Due Respect, Yours fraternally
Samson H. Moody WM
Peter Howard SW
C. A. DeRandamie JW Given under our hands at Boston, in the year of our Lord 1824 January 5th (5824) William J. Champney, secretary. It is not clear from this last letter whether or not the members of African Lodge were seeking a Royal Arch warrant or whether they had, in some curious way, heard of the Rite of Seven Degrees. This seems unlikely for the Rite of Seven Degrees had ceased to function many years before this letter was written. The statement that the petitioners were Royal Arch masons need not surprise us. Referring to Lodge No. 441, I. C. Gould states: ‘The records of No. 441, in the 38th Foot, afford an illustration of Irish practice. The working of the Royal Arch degree was resumed in the Lodge [Gould's italics] in 1822, when a letter was read from the Deputy Grand Secretary, of which the following passage appears in the minutes: "There is not any warrant issued by the Grand Lodge of Ireland other than that you hold; it has therefore always been the practice of Irish lodges to confer the Higher Degrees under that authority.
While the earliest records in the possession of African Lodge make no mention of the Royal Arch degree having been conferred, either by ‘Master Batt' or any other brother, it is not impossible that that degree was given at some later date.
At the date of this letter, 1824, African Lodge were still under the impression that they were on the Register of the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns). They do not seem to have been informed of the change of number from 459 to 370 at the renumbering in 1792. Neither would they seem to be aware of the union of 1813 and their own removal from the register of the new United Grand Lodge of England.
The petitioners of 1824 received no warrant of any kind from the United Grand Lodge of England and in 1827 declared their independence from any masonic authority. CONCLUSION As has already been stated, African Lodge - by a Declaration dated 18 June 1827 and published in the Boston Advertiser of 26 June 1827 - declared itself to be 'free and independent of any lodge from this day'. The one-sided connection with the United Grand Lodge of England was finally severed. Prince Hall had been succeeded on his death by one Nero Prince as 'Grand Master'. The minutes of African Lodge show that he was raised in the lodge on 20 August 1799. Grimshaw, in one of his wilder stretches of imagination says that Nero Prince was a Russian Jew. Nothing is further from the truth. He is shown in the Boston Assessors Tax Books for 1800 as a bread baker. He married, in 1803, Nabby Bradish of Henniker, New Hampshire. In 1810 he went to Gloucester, became a sailor and made at least two voyages to Russia with a Captain Thomas Stanwood of Gloucester.
In 1812 Nero Prince entered the service of Princess Purtossof and later became one of the staff at the court of the Emperor Alexander. He died in Russia in 1833.
By the time that the declaration of independence was made African Lodge had warranted two lodges; one to brethren in Philadelphia on 24 June 1797 and a second to Hiram Lodge in Providence, Rhode Island, on 25 June 1797. From these three lodges and others subsequently chartered by them or their descendants the whole of the present 'regular' Prince Hall Grand Lodges have arisen. This is not the place to discuss or deal with the question of the recognition, or non-recognition, of the Prince Hall Grand Lodges by the more widely-recognized Grand Lodges of the United States of America. That is a matter that can only be dealt with by the United States Grand Lodges and is completely outside the scope of this paper, which confines itself to the origins and not the subsequent history of the Prince Hall Grand Lodges.
If you have any questions or are interested in submitting an article, please contact
April Edition 2012
Voice of Prince Hall <---Link to download full newsletter ( must have Adobe Acrobat to view document)
September Edition 2012
Fall 2012 Voice of Prince Hall <---- Link to download full newsletter ( must have Abobe Acrobat to view document)
November Edition 2012
End Of Year 2012 Voice of Prince Hall <---Link to download full newsletter (must have Abobe Acrobat to view document)
January Edition 2013
January Edition <---Link to download full newsletter (must have Abobe Acrobat to view document)
July Edition 2013 July Edition <---Link to download full newsletter (must have Abobe Acrobat to view document)
Most Worshipful Grand Master
1865 to 1899 1865-1869 John W. Harrison 1883-1886 Stephen Robinson 1870-1871 Thomas J. Martin 1886-1887 John J. Evans 1872-1873 Harrison J. Lewis 1888-1890 Henry D. Vena 1874-1875 John J. Evans 1891 W. E. Blackburn 1876-1878 Henry D. Vena 1893-1894 E. N. Prince 1879-1882 James C. Craig 1895-1899 John J. Evans 1900 to 1934 1900-1906 Rovert C. Barnes 1917-1919 Charles A. Campbell 1907-1908 James L. McGruder 1920-1924 Charles S. Cook 1909-1910 Charles T. White 1925-1927 William S. Sherman 1911-1912 Walter H. Stowers 1928-1932 Charles H. Campbell 1913-1916 Andrew W. Dungey 1933-1934 S. J. Whitfield 1935 to 1966 1935-1938 H. York Harrison 1955-1956 John W. Stevenson 1939-1941 Elmer L. Wallace 1957-1958 Homer E. Gaines 1942-1945 Dr. John W. Moore 1959-1962 William O. Greene 1946 Elmer L. Wallace 1963 James A. Henson 1947-1948 Walter J. Stewart 1964-1965 Booker T. Alexander 1949-1954 William O. Greene 1966 William F. Scott 1967 to 2005 1967-1968 Albert E. Foster 1983-1984 Wesley A. Jones 1969-1970 Charles M. Waugh 1985-1986 Frederick Hill 1971-1972 Peyton J. Thomas 1987-1989 John W. Blackburn 1973-1974 Clanton N. Dawson 1990-1991 John E. Myers 1975 Oscar J. Baker 1992-1993 Leon J. Austin 1976-1977 Wendolyne C. Terrelle 1994-1995 Ozzie L. Gardner 1978-1980 Ethell Cobbs, Jr. 1996-1997 Carl W. Saunders 1981-1982 Jessie L. Smith 1998-2000 Samuel S. Yarbrough, Jr. 2001-2002 Walter C. Griffin, Jr. 2003-2004 Arthur L. Turner, Jr 2005-2006 Roland Broadus 2007-2008 Clarence Round, Sr. 2009-2010 Paul W. Robinson
Prince Hall Conference of Grand Masters Inc., Prince Hall Affiliated Masons
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Alabama
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Arizona
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Arkansas
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of The Bahamas
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of California
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Colorado & Jurisdictions
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Delaware
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia
Most Worshipful Union Grand Lodge of Florida PHA
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Georgia Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Hawaii
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Illinois
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Indiana
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Iowa Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Kansas
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Maryland
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Massachusetts
Most Worshipful Stringer Grand Lodge, F&AM of Mississippi
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Missouri
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Nebraska
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Nevada
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of New Jersey
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of New Mexico
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of New York
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of North Carolina
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Ohio
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Oklahoma
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge Province of Ontario and Jurisdiction
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Texas
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Virginia
APPENDANT / CONCORDANT BODIES MOST ANCIENT PRINCE HALL GRAND COURT HEROINES OF TEMPLAR CRUSADES M.A. Grand Matron M.W. Grand Joshua Augustine Jones Willie J. Ramsey 20456 Ardmore P.O. Box 430605 Detroit, MI. 48235 Pontiac, MI. 48343 313 342 6970 248 830 4081 PRINCE HALL GRAND COMMANDERY KNIGHT TEMPLAR R.E. Grand Commander Grand Secretary Walter C. Griffin Wendell C. Sherley 16551 Rosemont 142 Leicester Ct. Detroit, MI. 48219 Detroit, MI. 48202 313-534-7081 313 875 2871 PRINCE HALL GRAND GUILD HEROINES OF TEMPLAR CRUSADES Grand Princess Captain M.W. Grand Joshua Niaomi Edmunds Athalious Tinsley Sr. 3318 Mackin Rd 456 Liberty Flint, MI. 48504 Belleville, MI. 48202 810-239-7557 734 699 1413 MOST ILLUSTRIOUS PRINCE HALL GRAND COUNCIL ROYAL and SELECT MASTERS M.I. Grand Thrice Ill. Master Grand Excellent Secretary: Charles E. Fellows ll William H. McElya Sr 13505 Eaglesmere 2100 E. High St. Apt 8-1 Cleveland, OH 44110 Springhill, OH.. 45506 216-789-4618 937-322-7480 PRINCE HALL GRAND COURT LADIES OF THE CIRCLE OF PERFECTION Royal Grand Perfect Matron Royal Grand Chief Advisor Kay F. Anderson Jerry D. Springer 5684 Springgate Ct. 4556 Sylvan Oak Dr Huber Heights, OH. 45424 Trotwood, OH 45426 937 623-2578 937 837-5313 PRINCE HALL GRAND CHAPTER ORDER of the EASTERN STARS Grand Worthy Matron Grand Worthy Patron Bessie M. Barber Alonzo Greer, Jr. 2536 Arrowwood Trail 6650 Robindale Ann Arbor, MI. 48105 Ypsilanti MI. 48197 734 662 4283 734 547 9422 ANCIENT AND ACCEPTED SCOTTISH RITE OF FREEMASONRY P.H.A. U.S.A. Deputy of the Orient S.G.I.G. Robert P. Lewis 2617 W. Grand Blvd. Detroit. MI. 48208 313-875-8209 (Office) ORDER OF THE GOLDEN CIRCLE GRAND ASSEMBLY Grand Loyal Lady Ruler Evelyn Mann 20569 Williamsburg Harper Woods, MI. 48225 313-882-0483
Some Notable Prince Hall Masons
Bro. Robert Abbot - Founder of the Chicago Defender
Bro. Richard Allen - Founder/first Bishop of the A.M.E. Church
Bro. Alexander T. Augusta - First African-American to head a hospital in the U.S.
Bro. Marion Barry - Former Mayor of Washington, D.C.
Bro. William "Count" Basie - Orchestra leader/composer
Bro. James J.G. Bias - Founder of the Philadelphia Vigilance Committee
Bro. Henry Blair - First Black to recieve a U.S. patent
Bro. James Herbert "Eubie" Blake - Composer/Pianist
Bro. Edward Bouchet - First Black to be elected to the Phi Beta Kappa Society
Bro. William Wells Brown - First Black to publish a novel
Bro. Nathaniel "Nat King" Cole - Singer
Bro. Ossie Davis - Actor/Director/Playwrite
Bro. Martin R. Delany - First Black to matriculate from Havard Medical School/First Black Major in the U.S. Army
Bro. W.E.B. DuBois - Educator/author/historian
Bro. Alexander Dumas - Author
Bro. Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington - Orchestra leader/composer
Bro. Medgar Wiley Evers - Civil Rights leader
Bro. James Forten - Abolitionist/manufacturer
Bro. Timothy Thomas Fortune - Journalist
Bro. Alex Haley - Author
Bro. William C. Handy - Composer
Bro. Matthew Henson - Explorer
Bro. Benjamin L. Hooks - Former Executive Director of the N.A.A.C.P.
Bro. Jesse Jackson - Founder of the Rainbow Coaltion and Operation Push
Bro. Maynard Jackson - First black mayor of Atlanta
Bro. John H. Johnson - Publisher of Ebony and Jet magazines
Bro. Jack Johnson - First Black heavyweight boxing champion in U.S.
Bro. Absalom Jones - First Black Priest in the Episcopal Church in U.S.
Bro. Dr. Ernest Everett Just - One of the founders of Omega Psi Phi and renowned zoologist
Bro. Don King - Boxing promotor
Bro. Lewis Howard Latimer - Inventor of the carbon filament for light
Bro. Thurgood Marshall - Former Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court
Bro. Benjamin E. Mays - Former President of Morehouse College
Bro. Leon M'Ba - First President of the Republic of Gabon
Bro. Kweisi Mfume - Executive Director of the N.A.A.C.P.
Bro. Richard Pryor - Comedian/Actor
Bro. Alexander Pushkin - Poet/Novelist/Playwrite
Bro. A. Philip Randolph - Founder and First President of the International Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
Bro. Charles Rangel - U.S. Congressman
Bro. Joseph Jenkins Robert s -First President of the Republic of Liberia
Bro. "Sugar"Ray Robinson - Former mid/light heavyweight boxing champion
Bro. Arthur A. Schomburg - Historian/Author
Rev. Bro. Al Sharpton - Civil Rights Advocate
Bro. Carl B. Stokes - First Black Mayor of Cleveland, OH
Bro. Louis Stokes - Former U.S. Congressman
Bro. David Walker - Author of "David Walker's Appeal
Bro. Booker T. Washington - Educator and Fonder of the Tuskegee University/Institute
Bro. Daniel Hale Williams - First surgeon to perform open heart surgery
Bro. Bert Williams - Actor/Comedian
Bro. Granville T. Woods - Inventor
Bro. Andrew Young - Former Mayor of Atlanta and U.N. Abassador
Bro. Lawrence Douglass Wilder - The First Black elected Governor in this country from Virginia.
Bro. Dr. Charles H.Wesley - Prince Hall Historian/Author /Ordained A.M.E Minister/ Educator
Bro. Joseph A. Walkes, Jr - Historian/Author of Black Square & Compass / Prince Hall Masonic Quiz Book/ History Of The Shrine/History Of The United Supreme Council A.A.S.R. Nothern Jurisdiction PHA.
Rev. Bro. Charles G. Adams - Reverend / Entreprenuer / Community Leader
Rev. Bro. Gardner C. Taylor
Rev. Bro C.A.W. Clarke
Rev. Bro G.G.M. Ingram
Bro. Jerry "The Ice Man" Butler - Renowned Singer
Bro. Coleman A. Young - Mayor - Detroit, MI.
Hon. Bro. Dennis W. Archer - Mayor (former) - Detroit, MI
Bro. Edgar Amos Love - Co-Founder of Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc. / Member of Corinthian Lodge #18 (MWPHGL of the District of Columbia)
Bro. A. Langston Taylor - Co-Founder of Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. / Member of Pythagoras Lodge #9 (MWPHGL of the District of Columbia)
AGENDA - 2014
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Michigan
Hon. Tyrone Hampton
20-21 Conference of Grand Masters Grand Worthy Matrons—Jackson, MS
Grand Lodge of Michigan - Grand Session - Visitation June
Grand Lodge Cabinet Meeting
MWPHGL of Wisconsin - Visitation St. John’s Day Celebration– Romulus, MI
PHGL -Car Raffle Affair July 21-23
29-31 MWPHGL of Alabama - Visitation
MWPHGL of Indiana - Visitation
MWPHGL of Illinois - Visitation August 3-5 MWPHGL of Ohio - Visitation
PHGC of MI - OES - Visitation September 15 Prince Hall Americanism Day-Saginaw, MI November 23 MWPHGL Pre Thanksgiving
Prayer Breakfast—TBA December 21 MWPHGL Public Installation
Dist.1, 1A, 2, 2A—Past Masters Degree
*THIS AGENDA IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE